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Enhanced mitochondrial biogenesis ameliorates disease phenotype in a full-length mouse model of Huntington's disease.

TitleEnhanced mitochondrial biogenesis ameliorates disease phenotype in a full-length mouse model of Huntington's disease.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsChandra A, Sharma A, Calingasan NY, White JM, Shurubor Y, X Yang W, M Beal F, Johri A
JournalHum Mol Genet
Volume25
Issue11
Pagination2269-2282
Date Published2016 06 01
ISSN1460-2083
KeywordsAnimals, Bezafibrate, Corpus Striatum, Disease Models, Animal, Humans, Huntingtin Protein, Huntington Disease, Mice, Mice, Transgenic, Mitochondria, Organelle Biogenesis, Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor Gamma Coactivator 1-alpha, PPAR delta, PPAR gamma, Signal Transduction
Abstract

Huntington's disease (HD) is a devastating illness and at present there is no disease modifying therapy or cure for it; and management of the disease is limited to a few treatment options for amelioration of symptoms. Recently, we showed that the administration of bezafibrate, a pan-PPAR agonist, increases the expression of PGC-1α and mitochondrial biogenesis, and improves phenotype and survival in R6/2 transgenic mouse model of HD. Since the R6/2 mice represent a 'truncated' huntingtin (Htt) mouse model of HD, we tested the efficacy of bezafibrate in a 'full-length' Htt mouse model, the BACHD mice. Bezafibrate treatment restored the impaired PPARγ, PPARδ, PGC-1α signaling pathway, enhanced mitochondrial biogenesis and improved antioxidant defense in the striatum of BACHD mice. Untreated BACHD mice show robust and progressive motor deficits, as well as late-onset and selective neuropathology in the striatum, which was markedly ameliorated in the BACHD mice treated with bezafibrate. Our data demonstrate the efficacy of bezafibrate in ameliorating both neuropathological features and disease phenotype in BACHD mice, and taken together with our previous studies with the R6/2 mice, highlight the strong therapeutic potential of bezafibrate for treatment of HD.

DOI10.1093/hmg/ddw095
Alternate JournalHum. Mol. Genet.
PubMed ID27008868
PubMed Central IDPMC5081058
Grant ListP01 AG014930 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
R01 NS086746 / NS / NINDS NIH HHS / United States