|Title||Risk of Stroke After Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2022|
|Authors||Parauda SC, Zhang C, Omran SSalehi, Schweitzer AD, Murthy SB, Merkler AE, Navi BB, Iadecola C, Kamel H, Parikh NS|
|Date Published||2022 Aug 09|
BACKGROUND: Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) can cause short-term cerebrovascular complications, such as brain infarction and hemorrhage. We hypothesized that PRES is also associated with an increased long-term risk of stroke.
METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study in the United States using statewide all-payer claims data from 2016 to 2018 on all admissions to nonfederal hospitals in 11 states. Adults with PRES were compared with adults with renal colic (negative control) and transient ischemic attack (TIA; positive control). Any stroke and the secondary outcomes of ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke were ascertained using International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision, Clinical Modification codes. We excluded prevalent stroke. We used time-to-event statistics to calculate incidence rates and Cox proportional hazards analyses to evaluate the association between PRES and stroke, adjusting for demographics and stroke risk factors. In a sensitivity analysis, outcomes within 2 weeks of index admission were excluded.
RESULTS: We identified 1606 patients with PRES, 1192 with renal colic, and 38 216 with TIA. Patients with PRES had a mean age of 56±17 years; 72% were women. Over a median follow-up of 0.9 years, the stroke incidence per 100 person-years was 6.1 (95% CI, 5.0-7.4) after PRES, 1.0 (95% CI, 0.62-1.8) after renal colic, and 9.7 (95% CI, 9.4-10.0) after TIA. After statistical adjustment for patient characteristics and risk factors, patients with PRES had an elevated risk of stroke compared with renal colic (hazard ratio [HR], 2.3 [95% CI, 1.7-3.0]), but lower risk than patients with TIA (HR, 0.67 [95% CI, 0.54-0.82]). In secondary analyses, compared with TIA, PRES was associated with hemorrhagic stroke (HR, 2.0 [95% CI, 1.4-2.9]). PRES was associated with ischemic stroke when compared with renal colic (HR, 1.9 [95% CI, 1.4-2.7]) but not when compared with TIA (HR, 0.49 [95% CI, 0.38-0.63]). Results were similar with 2-week washout.
CONCLUSIONS: Patients with PRES had an elevated risk of incident stroke.