Michael Glass, Ph.D
Associate Professor of Research in Neuroscience
Glutamate signaling plays a critical role in brain development, health, adaptability, and pathology. My lab investigates the role of brain glutamate signaling via NMDA and AMPA-type glutamate receptors in common health problems including hypertension and drug addiction.
Hypertension is a leading contributor to the global burden of disease and is a major yet modifiable risk factor for renal, cardiovascular, and cerebrovascular disorders. The hormone Angiotensin II (AngII) plays a critical role in blood pressure regulation, hypertension, and anti-hypertension therapeutics. Preclinical evidence indicates that AngII contributes to hypertension, in part, by acting in the brain, however, how it does this is incompletely understood. A major goal of this lab is to improve our understanding of the relationship between AngII, the neural control of blood pressure, and glutamate signaling in the hypothalamus, a key coordinator of autonomic and neurohumoral systems involved in blood pressure control.
We have provided evidence that functional hypothalamic postsynaptic NMDA receptors, likely, in part, by modulating the production of reactive oxygen species and nitric oxide, play a critical role in the emergence of hypertension induced by AngII. In particular, we have shown that AngII-dependent hypertension is associated with an increased accumulation of NMDA receptors at the plasma membrane of dendrites of PVN neurons.
In addition, using the Cre-lox system, we have also shown that spatial-temporal deletion of the essential NMDA GluN1 receptor subunit in PVN neurons suppresses the hypertensive response to AngII.
To better understand the cellular mechanisms by which hypothalamic glutamate influences blood pressure we are currently investigating the link between glutamate and brain inflammatory signaling, specifically involving tumor necrosis factor alpha and reactive oxygen production via NADPH oxidase.
Ongoing studies are also directed at elucidating the role of sex differences in hypertension susceptibility.