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Promoting tau secretion and propagation by hyperactive p300/CBP via autophagy-lysosomal pathway in tauopathy.

TitlePromoting tau secretion and propagation by hyperactive p300/CBP via autophagy-lysosomal pathway in tauopathy.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsChen X, Li Y, Wang C, Tang Y, Mok S-A, Tsai RM, Rojas JC, Karydas A, Miller BL, Boxer AL, Gestwicki JE, Arkin M, Cuervo AMaria, Gan L
JournalMol Neurodegener
Volume15
Issue1
Pagination2
Date Published2020 Jan 06
ISSN1750-1326
Abstract

BACKGROUND: The trans-neuronal propagation of tau has been implicated in the progression of tau-mediated neurodegeneration. There is critical knowledge gap in understanding how tau is released and transmitted, and how that is dysregulated in diseases. Previously, we reported that lysine acetyltransferase p300/CBP acetylates tau and regulates its degradation and toxicity. However, whether p300/CBP is involved in regulation of tau secretion and propagation is unknown.

METHOD: We investigated the relationship between p300/CBP activity, the autophagy-lysosomal pathway (ALP) and tau secretion in mouse models of tauopathy and in cultured rodent and human neurons. Through a high-through-put compound screen, we identified a new p300 inhibitor that promotes autophagic flux and reduces tau secretion. Using fibril-induced tau spreading models in vitro and in vivo, we examined how p300/CBP regulates tau propagation.

RESULTS: Increased p300/CBP activity was associated with aberrant accumulation of ALP markers in a tau transgenic mouse model. p300/CBP hyperactivation blocked autophagic flux and increased tau secretion in neurons. Conversely, inhibiting p300/CBP promoted autophagic flux, reduced tau secretion, and reduced tau propagation in fibril-induced tau spreading models in vitro and in vivo.

CONCLUSIONS: We report that p300/CBP, a lysine acetyltransferase aberrantly activated in tauopathies, causes impairment in ALP, leading to excess tau secretion. This effect, together with increased intracellular tau accumulation, contributes to enhanced spreading of tau. Our findings suggest that inhibition of p300/CBP as a novel approach to correct ALP dysfunction and block disease progression in tauopathy.

DOI10.1186/s13024-019-0354-0
Alternate JournalMol Neurodegener
PubMed ID31906970
PubMed Central IDPMC6945522
Grant ListU54NS100717 / NS / NINDS NIH HHS / United States
K99 AG053439 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
R01NS059690 / NS / NINDS NIH HHS / United States
U54 NS100717 / NS / NINDS NIH HHS / United States
R01AG054214 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States