Poster Session: Spatial-frequency-selective enhancement of visual sensitivity from saccade dynamics.

TitlePoster Session: Spatial-frequency-selective enhancement of visual sensitivity from saccade dynamics.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2023
AuthorsLi YH, Cox MA, Intoy J, Victor J, Yang B, Zhao Z, Rucci M
JournalJ Vis
Date Published2023 Sep 01
KeywordsContrast Sensitivity, Eye Movements, Humans, Psychometrics, Retina, Saccades

Eye movements transform a spatial scene into luminance modulations on the retina. Recent work has shown that this transformation is highly structured: within human temporal sensitivity, saccades deliver power that increases in proportion to spatial frequency (SF) up to a critical frequency and remains constant beyond that. Importantly, the critical SF increases with decreasing amplitude. Therefore, at sufficiently low SFs, larger saccades effectively deliver stronger input signals to the retina. Here we tested whether this input reformatting has the predicted perceptual consequences, by examining how large and small saccades (6o & 1o) affect contrast sensitivity. We measured relative sensitivity at two SFs: a reference (0.5 cpd), equal to the critical SF for the small saccade, and a probe at either a lower or higher SF (0.1/2.5 cpd). We predicted that large saccades enhance visibility only when the probe has a lower SF than the reference. Subjects (N=7) made instructed saccades while presented with a plaid of overlapping orthogonal gratings at the two SFs and reported which grating was more visible. Results closely follow theoretical predictions: psychometric functions following small and large saccades only differed with the lower SF probe, in which case the larger saccade significantly enhanced visibility. In sum, saccades enable selectivity not only in the spatial domain, but also in the spatial-frequency domain.

Alternate JournalJ Vis
PubMed ID37733520