|Title||Plasma Membrane Affiliated AMPA GluA1 in Estrogen Receptor β-containing Paraventricular Hypothalamic Neurons Increases Following Hypertension in a Mouse Model of Post-menopause.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2019|
|Authors||Ovalles AC, Contoreggi NH, Marques-Lopes J, Van Kempen TA, Iadecola C, Waters EM, Glass MJ, Milner TA|
|Date Published||2019 Nov 01|
Sex and ovarian function contribute to hypertension susceptibility, however, the mechanisms are not well understood. Prior studies show that estrogens and neurogenic factors, including hypothalamic glutamatergic NMDA receptor plasticity, play significant roles in rodent hypertension. Here, we investigated the role of sex and ovarian failure on AMPA receptor plasticity in estrogen-sensitive paraventricular nucleus (PVN) neurons in naïve and angiotensin II (AngII) infused male and female mice and female mice at early and late stages of accelerated ovarian failure (AOF). High-resolution electron microscopy was used to assess the subcellular distribution of AMPA GluA1 in age-matched male and female estrogen receptor beta (ERβ) enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) reporter mice as well as female EGFP-ERβ mice treated with 4-vinylcyclohexene diepoxide. In the absence of AngII, female mice at a late stage of AOF displayed higher levels of GluA1 on the plasma membrane, indicative of functional protein, in ERβ-expressing PVN dendrites when compared to male, naïve female and early stage AOF mice. Following slow-pressor AngII infusion, males, as well as early and late stage AOF females had elevated blood pressure. Significantly, only late stage-AOF female mice infused with AngII had an increase in GluA1 near the plasma membrane in dendrites of ERβ-expressing PVN neurons. In contrast, prior studies reported that plasmalemmal NMDA GluN1 increased in ERβ-expressing PVN dendrites in males and early, but not late stage AOF females. Together, these findings reveal that early and late stage AOF female mice display unique molecular signatures of long-lasting synaptic strength prior to, and following hypertension.