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Network-Guided Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for Depression.

TitleNetwork-Guided Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for Depression.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsDubin MJ, Liston C, Avissar MA, Ilieva I, Gunning FM
JournalCurr Behav Neurosci Rep
Volume4
Issue1
Pagination70-77
Date Published2017 03
ISSN2196-2979
Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: First, we will identify candidate predictive biomarkers of antidepressant response of TMS based on the neuroimaging literature. Next, we will review the effects of TMS on networks involved in depression. Finally, we will discuss ways in which our current understanding of network engagement by TMS may be used to optimize its antidepressant effect.

RECENT FINDINGS: The past few years has seen significant interest in the antidepressant mechanisms of TMS. Studies using functional neuroimaging and neurochemical imaging have demonstrated engagement of networks known to be important in depression. Current evidence supports a model whereby TMS normalizes network function gradually over the course of several treatments. This may, in turn, mediate its antidepressant effect.

SUMMARY: One strategy to optimize the antidepressant effect of TMS is to more precisely target networks relevant in depression. We propose methods to achieve this using functional and neurochemical imaging.

DOI10.1007/s40473-017-0108-7
Alternate JournalCurr Behav Neurosci Rep
PubMed ID28316903
PubMed Central IDPMC5351807
Grant ListR01 MH097735 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
T32 MH018870 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
UL1 TR002384 / TR / NCATS NIH HHS / United States