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MICU3 is a tissue-specific enhancer of mitochondrial calcium uptake.

TitleMICU3 is a tissue-specific enhancer of mitochondrial calcium uptake.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsPatron M, Granatiero V, Espino J, Rizzuto R, De Stefani D
JournalCell Death Differ
Date Published2018 May 03
ISSN1476-5403
Abstract

The versatility and universality of Ca as intracellular messenger is guaranteed by the compartmentalization of changes in [Ca]. In this context, mitochondrial Ca plays a central role, by regulating both specific organelle functions and global cellular events. This versatility is also guaranteed by a cell type-specific Ca signaling toolkit controlling specific cellular functions. Accordingly, mitochondrial Ca uptake is mediated by a multimolecular structure, the MCU complex, which differs among various tissues. Its activity is indeed controlled by different components that cooperate to modulate specific channeling properties. We here investigate the role of MICU3, an EF-hand containing protein expressed at high levels, especially in brain. We show that MICU3 forms a disulfide bond-mediated dimer with MICU1, but not with MICU2, and it acts as enhancer of MCU-dependent mitochondrial Ca uptake. Silencing of MICU3 in primary cortical neurons impairs Ca signals elicited by synaptic activity, thus suggesting a specific role in regulating neuronal function.

DOI10.1038/s41418-018-0113-8
Alternate JournalCell Death Differ.
PubMed ID29725115