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Impact of Focal White Matter Damage on Localized Subcortical Gray Matter Atrophy in Multiple Sclerosis: A 5-Year Study.

TitleImpact of Focal White Matter Damage on Localized Subcortical Gray Matter Atrophy in Multiple Sclerosis: A 5-Year Study.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsFuchs TA, Carolus K, Benedict RHB, Bergsland N, Ramasamy D, Jakimovski D, Weinstock-Guttman B, Kuceyeski A, Zivadinov R, Dwyer MG
JournalAJNR Am J Neuroradiol
Date Published2018 Jul 05

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: It is unclear to what extent subcortical gray matter atrophy is a primary process as opposed to a result of focal white matter damage. Correlations between WM damage and atrophy of subcortical gray matter have been observed but may be partly attributable to indirect relationships between co-occurring processes arising from a common cause. Our aim was to cross-sectionally and longitudinally characterize the unique impact of focal WM damage on the atrophy of connected subcortical gray matter regions, beyond what is explainable by global disease progression.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred seventy-six individuals with MS and 47 healthy controls underwent MR imaging at baseline and 5 years later. Atrophy and lesion-based disruption of connected WM tracts were evaluated for 14 subcortical gray matter regions. Hierarchic regressions were applied, predicting regional atrophy from focal WM disruption, controlling for age, sex, disease duration, whole-brain volume, and T2-lesion volume.

RESULTS: When we controlled for whole-brain volume and T2-lesion volume, WM tract disruption explained little additional variance of subcortical gray matter atrophy and was a significant predictor for only 3 of 14 regions cross-sectionally (Δ = 0.004) and 5 regions longitudinally (Δ = 0.016). WM tract disruption was a significant predictor for even fewer regions when correcting for multiple comparisons.

CONCLUSIONS: WM tract disruption accounts for a small percentage of atrophy in connected subcortical gray matter when controlling for overall disease burden and is not the primary driver in most cases.

Alternate JournalAJNR Am J Neuroradiol
PubMed ID29976833