Functional connectomics reveals general wiring rule in mouse visual cortex.

TitleFunctional connectomics reveals general wiring rule in mouse visual cortex.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2023
AuthorsDing Z, Fahey PG, Papadopoulos S, Wang EY, Celii B, Papadopoulos C, Kunin AB, Chang A, Fu J, Ding Z, Patel S, Ponder K, Muhammad T, J Bae A, Bodor AL, Brittain D, Buchanan JA, Bumbarger DJ, Castro MA, Cobos E, Dorkenwald S, Elabbady L, Halageri A, Jia Z, Jordan C, Kapner D, Kemnitz N, Kinn S, Lee K, Li K, Lu R, Macrina T, Mahalingam G, Mitchell E, Mondal SSubhra, Mu S, Nehoran B, Popovych S, Schneider-Mizell CM, Silversmith W, Takeno M, Torres R, Turner NL, Wong W, Wu J, Yin W, Yu S-C, Froudarakis E, Sinz F, H Seung S, Collman F, da Costa NMa├žarico, R Reid C, Walker EY, Pitkow X, Reimer J, Tolias AS
JournalbioRxiv
Date Published2023 Mar 30
Abstract

To understand how the brain computes, it is important to unravel the relationship between circuit connectivity and function. Previous research has shown that excitatory neurons in layer 2/3 of the primary visual cortex of mice with similar response 5 properties are more likely to form connections. However, technical challenges of combining synaptic connectivity and functional measurements have limited these studies to few, highly local connections. Utilizing the millimeter scale and nanometer resolution of the MICrONS dataset, we studied the connectivity-10 function relationship in excitatory neurons of the mouse visual cortex across interlaminar and interarea projections, assessing connection selectivity at the coarse axon trajectory and fine synaptic formation levels. A digital twin model of this mouse, that accurately predicted responses to arbitrary video 15 stimuli, enabled a comprehensive characterization of the function of neurons. We found that neurons with highly correlated responses to natural videos tended to be connected with each other, not only within the same cortical area but also across multiple layers and visual areas, including feedforward and feed-20 back connections, whereas we did not find that orientation preference predicted connectivity. The digital twin model separated each neuron's tuning into a feature component (what the neuron responds to) and a spatial component (where the neuron's receptive field is located). We show that the feature, but not the 25 spatial component, predicted which neurons were connected at the fine synaptic scale. Together, our results demonstrate the "like-to-like" connectivity rule generalizes to multiple connection types, and the rich MICrONS dataset is suitable to further refine a mechanistic understanding of circuit structure and 30 function.

DOI10.1101/2023.03.13.531369
Alternate JournalbioRxiv
PubMed ID36993398
PubMed Central IDPMC10054929