|Title||EEG Pattern With Spectral Analysis Can Prognosticate Good and Poor Neurologic Outcomes After Cardiac Arrest.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2022|
|Authors||Qing KY, Forgacs PB, Schiff ND|
|Journal||J Clin Neurophysiol|
|Date Published||2022 Aug 08|
PURPOSE: To investigate the prognostic value of a simple stratification system of electroencephalographical (EEG) patterns and spectral types for patients after cardiac arrest.
METHODS: In this prospectively enrolled cohort, using manually selected EEG segments, patients after cardiac arrest were stratified into five independent EEG patterns (based on background continuity and burden of highly epileptiform discharges) and four independent power spectral types (based on the presence of frequency components). The primary outcome is cerebral performance category (CPC) at discharge. Results from multimodal prognostication testing were included for comparison.
RESULTS: Of a total of 72 patients, 6 had CPC 1-2 by discharge, all of whom had mostly continuous EEG background without highly epileptiform activity at day 3. However, for the same EEG background pattern at day 3, 19 patients were discharged at CPC 3 and 15 patients at CPC 4-5. After adding spectral analysis, overall sensitivity for predicting good outcomes (CPC 1-2) was 83.3% (95% confidence interval 35.9% to 99.6%) and specificity was 97.0% (89.5% to 99.6%). In this cohort, standard prognostication testing all yielded 100% specificity but low sensitivity, with imaging being the most sensitive at 54.1% (36.9% to 70.5%).
CONCLUSIONS: Adding spectral analysis to qualitative EEG analysis may further improve the diagnostic accuracy of EEG and may aid developing novel measures linked to good outcomes in postcardiac arrest coma.
|Alternate Journal||J Clin Neurophysiol|