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Cerebral ischemia induces the aggregation of proteins linked to neurodegenerative diseases.

TitleCerebral ischemia induces the aggregation of proteins linked to neurodegenerative diseases.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsKahl A, Blanco I, Jackman K, Baskar J, Mohan HMilaganur, Rodney-Sandy R, Zhang S, Iadecola C, Hochrainer K
JournalSci Rep
Volume8
Issue1
Pagination2701
Date Published2018 Feb 09
ISSN2045-2322
Abstract

Protein aggregation critically affects cell viability in neurodegenerative diseases, but whether this also occurs in ischemic brain injury remains elusive. Prior studies report the post-ischemic aggregation of ubiquitin, small ubiquitin-related modifier (SUMO) and ribosomes, however whether other proteins are also affected is unknown. Here we employed a proteomic approach to identify the insoluble, aggregated proteome after cerebral ischemia. Mice underwent transient middle cerebral artery occlusion or sham-surgery. After 1-hour reperfusion, prior to apparent brain injury, mice were sacrificed and detergent-insoluble proteins were obtained and identified by nanoLC-MS/MS. Naturally existing insoluble proteins were determined in sham controls and aggregated proteins after cerebral ischemia/reperfusion were identified. Selected aggregated proteins found by proteomics were biochemically verified and aggregation propensities were studied during ischemia with or without reperfusion. We found that ischemia/reperfusion induces the aggregation of RNA-binding and heat-shock proteins, ubiquitin, SUMO and other proteins involved in cell signalling. RNA-binding proteins constitute the largest group of aggregating proteins in ischemia. These include TDP43, FUS, hnRNPA1, PSF/SFPQ and p54/NONO, all of which have been linked to neurodegeneration associated with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and frontotemporal dementia. The aggregation of neurodegeneration-related disease proteins in cerebral ischemia unveils a previously unappreciated molecular overlap between neurodegenerative diseases and ischemic stroke.

DOI10.1038/s41598-018-21063-z
Alternate JournalSci Rep
PubMed ID29426953
Grant ListR37 NS034179 / NS / NINDS NIH HHS / United States