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Better understanding the neurobiology of primary lateral sclerosis.

TitleBetter understanding the neurobiology of primary lateral sclerosis.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsP Ozdinler H, Gautam M, Gozutok O, Konrad C, Manfredi G, Gomez EArea, Mitsumoto H, Erb ML, Tian Z, Haase G
JournalAmyotroph Lateral Scler Frontotemporal Degener
Volume21
Issuesup1
Pagination35-46
Date Published2020 11
ISSN2167-9223
Abstract

Primary lateral sclerosis (PLS) is a rare neurodegenerative disease characterized by progressive degeneration of upper motor neurons (UMNs). Recent studies shed new light onto the cellular events that are particularly important for UMN maintenance including intracellular trafficking, mitochondrial energy homeostasis and lipid metabolism. This review summarizes these advances including the role of Alsin as a gene linked to atypical forms of juvenile PLS, and discusses wider aspects of cellular pathology that have been observed in adult forms of PLS. The review further discusses the prospects of new transgenic upper motor neuron reporter mice, human stem cell-derived UMN cultures, cerebral organoids and non-human primates as future model systems to better understand and ultimately treat PLS.

DOI10.1080/21678421.2020.1837175
Alternate JournalAmyotroph Lateral Scler Frontotemporal Degener
PubMed ID33602014
Grant ListR01 AG061708 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
R01 NS093872 / NS / NINDS NIH HHS / United States